There are different vocational training systems worldwide. In the market-based model, most vocational training courses are mainly offered at secondary schools, e.g. colleges or institutes. These facilities are often private, costly and their training takes form in modular certifications.
Another model is the school model in which vocational training is planned, organized and controlled exclusively by the state. This is often the case at vocational high schools or technical colleges with different fields of study.
Germany offers not only school-based training but also the famous "dual system" with over 300 different training courses. The state participates in the training and lets the Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK) or the Chamber of Crafts (HWK) design, test and develop the concept. Germany therefore has one of the best vocational training systems in the world and offers the possibility to complete a state certified vocational training in both theory and practice. In addition, the dual vocational training provides a direct entry into the working life and the trainees are often hired and employed as professionals by the company after their vocational training.
In the school-based vocational training, the trainees are taught at a vocational school, a vocational college or a technical college. They gain practical experience through internships in companies, where they apply the theory they have learned in practice.
School-based vocational training is provided primarily in nursing professions as well as in the fields of design, commerce and technology. It lasts two to three years and ends with a degree in a state-certified profession or a recognized training occupation.
Many more information about the German vocational training system can be found on our website under Vocational training in Germany. We would also be happy to advise you personally in our international office.